Fungi have an underground vegetative part, forming a fairly dense filamentous network, the mycelium.
The American start-up MycoWorks, founded in 2013, considers mushrooms as a material. In October 2016, it developed a process for making "leather" from mushrooms. This method of production is not very polluting, but above all it offers an alternative to the use of animal skins.
To produce it, you need to grow mycelium in a mould with a substrate and organic waste as food. The mycelium will gradually become denser and take the shape of the mould. To obtain the final result, the product is dried and then put in an oven to eliminate all the micro-organisms.
This environmentally friendly, biodegradable, low carbon footprint leather is promising, especially since the production obtained from mycelium is obviously much faster (and less deadly 🙂 than that with a cow (for example). For the same size, production takes a few weeks with mushrooms versus 3 years with an animal.
March 2021: Hermès unveiled its new Victoria bag, made of canvas, calf leather and Sylvania, a mycelium leather alter developed with the Fine Mycelium technology produced by MycoWorks!
NASA Albatross Dynamic Soaring Open Ocean Persistent Platform UAV Concept
This concept investigate the feasibility of a dynamic soaring (DS) UAV that will have an endurance on the order of months.
This capability is enabling for numerous civil missions from ocean and atmospheric science to fishery surveillance and monitoring. Many of these missions are simply not feasible do to the cost of operating a fueled aircraft with limited endurance.
An aircraft such as this could be built in the thousands. They would distribute themselves over the oceans of the planet providing a robust surveillance network that has persistence which is only limited by the reliability of the hardware. This aircraft is based on the Albatross which in habitats the southern oceans by Antarctica.
The typical Albatross weighs about 25 lbs. They have an aspect ratio 16 wing with an 11 foot span. They are estimated to have an L/D of 27. Since there are few static soaring opportunities over the ocean, the Albatross uses a technique called Dynamic Soaring (DS) to maintain flight. Dynamic soaring is a figure eight-like flight maneuver that takes advantage of horizontal wind gradients to maintain flight speed and altitude.
The albatross can travel over 1000 km per day without ever flapping their wings through the constant use of such maneuvers, while able to tack any direction with independence of wind direction The Albatross is also able to lock their shoulder joint to rest their muscles and even capable of sleeping while performing the DS flight maneuvers.
This UAV Concept has the same weight and size of the Albatross and would be propelled by the wind alone utilizing this same DS technique. Tip turbines on the wing tips extract power from the tip vortex to power the payload and recharge the batteries. When the wind dies the aircraft has the ability to safely land on the surface of the ocean. Solar cells will be used to keep the payload and other electronics running. The tip turbines can also be used as propellers to provide takeoff thrust and at other times to provide auxiliary propulsion to allow the aircraft to maneuver away from an obstacle.
Dynamic Soaring: How the Wandering Albatross Can Fly for Free
Delphine Bouvier Open innovation, sustainable development
Organic chemistry Engineer - graduated at INSA Rouen in 1994
Spent 10y in textile industry as material and process development manager - DIM - Sara Lee group from 1994 to 2004
Joined L'Oréal research & development in July, 2004 and had different positions related to cosmetic raw materials, technologies and methods development with external partners
Joined Nihon L'Oréal in 2014, as the head of advanced research Japan and Korea, covering all activities related to scientific collaboration with external partners, in the field of material and life sciences.
Coordinator of the Loreal sustainable program: Sharing Beauty with All for R&I Asia.
Recently back to France as Greensciences program director for R&I and open innovation for partnerships related to sustainable development.
After a career as Human Resources Director in several companies and groups, I decided in 2007 to create Aut'heur d'hommes, a consultancy firm specialising in work motivation, management and QWL. Throughout this activity of support to companies, I was struck by the fact :
that decision-makers were all looking for management models that would allow them to reconcile the needs of their organisation with the expectations of their employees
that all the successive models had been created by man through an intellectual process of inventing from scratch processes that he hoped would meet the desired objectives.
When I discovered biomimicry, it became clear to me that the longed-for models should not be sought in an artificial way, but should instead come from a rediscovery of what living beings had invented to ensure not only the survival but also the expansion of species over three and a half billion years.
Hasn't nature already invented everything?
The IEB, which I co-founded with Michel Bacquet, was born out of this desire to transpose the most effective dynamics of life into companies and make them available to employee management. As both a research centre and a consultancy, the IEB offers companies solutions for renewing the management of employees after the crisis.
Loïc DEYRA obtained his PhD at the Charles Fabry Laboratory of the Institute of Optics in 2014 under the supervision of François Balembois. His work focused on the study of new optical crystals for ultraviolet lasers.
He then participated in the creation of the company SPARK LASERS, which markets industrial laser systems for micro-machining.
He joined ALPhANOV in 2016, where he leads a research project on metrology and functionalization of optical materials, and starts to focus on the formidable properties of bio-inspired surfaces.
After a Master's degree in Intellectual Property Strategy at IEEPI, he has been in charge of Partnerships and R&D Projects at ALPhANOV since 2020, and is committed to developing innovative projects to contribute to the ecological transition.
In 2021 Loïc Deyra joined Ceebios as Biomimicry Consultant for Industrial Applications.
Bioinspi, the first podcast in France that popularises biomimicry and bio-inspiration by telling you the fascinating stories of nature.
In each new episode, Aïna Queiroz (the explorer, for those who know her), a biologist specialised in botany and primatology, will take you on a journey of discovery of extraordinary living beings: Bacteria, Beasts, Plants, these are the stars of this podcast!
The idea is just to tell you stories - the ones from real life - by taking your imagination on a journey through sound immersion.
The first season was supported by Seqens, Biomim'Expo and Premium Beauty News.
Yannick Lerat is the Scientific Director of The SeaCleaners. He holds a PhD in oceanography from the University of Brest (UBO, France) with a specialisation in both chemistry and biology. His PhD subject was coastal biogeochemical cycles related to water-sediment exchange.
Yannick spent 15 years in the R&D teams of Eastman Kodak Company and worked on the integration of biomimetic approaches in the design of new materials and processes.
Having decided to return to his first love of coastal ecology, he then joined CEVA (Pleubian, France), a technical R&D centre working on algae applications. After 12 years as Scientific Director of CEVA, Yannick chose to join the SeaCleaners crew and the Manta project, where he is proud to contribute significantly to the protection of the world's ecosystems by working on marine plastic waste.
Carole Duboc obtained her PhD at the University of Grenoble in 1998 under the supervision of Professors Marc Fontecave and Stéphane Ménage. Her PhD work focused on bio-inspired iron complexes for enantioselective oxidation catalysis.
After a postdoctoral stay at the University of Minnesota with Professor William Tolman, she joined the Laboratoire des Champs Magnétiques Intenses in Grenoble, where she started her academic career at CNRS on the elucidation of the magnetic properties of transition metal ion complexes, based on a combined experimental (EPR spectroscopy) and theoretical approach.
Her current research, which she has been developing since 2007 in the Department of Molecular Chemistry, focuses on bio-inspired complexes with the aim of developing molecular (electro)catalysts for the activation of small molecules by multiredox processes while trying to understand the mechanisms through the trapping and characterisation of catalytic intermediates.
Its research projects (production of H2reduction, CO2reduction of O2) are in line with current societal issues, such as the search for new sources of energy.
The story: when it became clear that Biomim'expo could not take place as it does every year at the Cité des sciences et de l'industrie, the idea was adaptive innovation! The idea was adaptive innovation: to honour this event that is so dear to our hearts, but in a different way. So to console us, the new challenge launched by NewCorp Conseil, the initiator and organiser of the event, was to meet up with us not for a day but for a week! This year, Biomim'expo has therefore become Biomim'expo week digital in the form of a biomimicry channel with a week of broadcasts recorded in TV format, 25 sessions and over 100 speakers. All of this to be reassembled in a few days!
We still had to find a place, with meaning of course, to welcome us.
In less than 48 hours the centvingtsept by pixelis said YES and opened its doors to host the TV set of the Biomim'expo week! Thank you for your help.
the centvingtsept by pixelis
Because it is from a creative perspective that the world must be changed, Pixelis has created the centvintgsept, an open, inspiring place dedicated to creativity and to the transformation of brands, companies and the world.
In the former premises of Radio Nova and TSF Jazz, all the furniture has been eco-conceived and designed by Pixelis, which has placed total trust in artists, designers and partners to experiment, recycle, transform, innovate... and create a space with personality, in the image of those who invest in it.
It brings together all those who have the vital desire to act and to give meaning to their actions: brands, companies, designers, entrepreneurs and change-makers are encouraged to move the lines and shake up practices!
Pixelis is an independent branding for good agency dedicated to the reinvention of brands. Founded in 1995, it is a B Corporation, a member of the United Nations Global Compact, recognised at Gold level by EcoVadis and named "Best for Workers" and "Best for Governance" by the B Corp community. It supports large companies as well as SMEs and start-ups in all of their communications activities.